Balancer shaft drives undergo dynamic excitation due to the rotational irregularities of the drive shaft (normally the crankshaft) in combination with the high mass inertia of the balancer shafts. In order to ensure vibration-free, quiet and low-wear operation despite these excitations, the chain oscillations caused by these influences in such drives must be calmed. The ideal solution here is damping by means of a hydraulic chain tensioning element. The best known design is the speed-dependent leakage gap damper with directional damping. For damping, this design uses oil from the engine's own reserves. For extending, the oil is sucked via a check valve into the so-called high pressure chamber. When the tensioner is pressed together, the valve closes and the oil is pressed out through a narrow gap between the piston and housing, the leakage gap.
Hydraulic tensioning elements are characterised by:
In addition, a large number of further characteristics and functions are possible as options. The aim is to design the ideal tensioner in terms of function and cost for any application.